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Swing-Up of a Weakly Actuated Double Pendulum via Nonlinear Normal Modes

2024-04-12 13:55:29
Arne Sachtler, Davide Calzolari, Maximilian Raff, Annika Schmidt, Yannik P. Wotte, Cosimo Della Santina, C. David Remy, Alin Albu-Schäffer


We identify the nonlinear normal modes spawning from the stable equilibrium of a double pendulum under gravity, and we establish their connection to homoclinic orbits through the unstable upright position as energy increases. This result is exploited to devise an efficient swing-up strategy for a double pendulum with weak, saturating actuators. Our approach involves stabilizing the system onto periodic orbits associated with the nonlinear modes while gradually injecting energy. Since these modes are autonomous system evolutions, the required control effort for stabilization is minimal. Even with actuator limitations of less than 1% of the maximum gravitational torque, the proposed method accomplishes the swing-up of the double pendulum by allowing sufficient time.

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