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A Multi-Resolution Frontier-Based Planner for Autonomous 3D Exploration

2020-11-04 08:51:01
Ana Batinović, Tamara Petrović, Antun Ivanovic, Frano Petric, Stjepan Bogdan


tract: In this paper we propose a planner for 3D exploration that is suitable for applications using state-of-the-art 3D sensors such as lidars, which produce large point clouds with each scan. The planner is based on the detection of a frontier - a boundary between the explored and unknown part of the environment - and consists of the algorithm for detecting frontier points, followed by clustering of frontier points and selecting the best frontier point to be explored. Compared to existing frontier-based approaches, the planner is more scalable, i.e. it requires less time for the same data set size while ensuring similar exploration time. Performance is achieved by not relying on data obtained directly from the 3D sensor, but on data obtained by a mapping algorithm. In order to cluster the frontier points, we use the properties of the Octree environment representation, which allows easy analysis with different resolutions. The planner is tested in the simulation environment and in an outdoor test area with a UAV equipped with a lidar sensor. The results show the advantages of the approach.

Abstract (translated)



3D Action Action_Localization Action_Recognition Activity Adversarial Attention Autonomous Bert Boundary_Detection Caption Classification CNN Compressive_Sensing Contour Contrastive_Learning Deep_Learning Denoising Detection Drone Dynamic_Memory_Network Edge_Detection Embedding Emotion Enhancement Face Face_Detection Face_Recognition Facial_Landmark Few-Shot Gait_Recognition GAN Gaze_Estimation Gesture Gradient_Descent Handwriting Human_Parsing Image_Caption Image_Classification Image_Compression Image_Enhancement Image_Generation Image_Matting Image_Retrieval Inference Inpainting Intelligent_Chip Knowledge Knowledge_Graph Language_Model Matching Medical Memory_Networks Multi_Modal Multi_Task NAS NMT Object_Detection Object_Tracking OCR Ontology Optical_Character Optical_Flow Optimization Person_Re-identification Point_Cloud Portrait_Generation Pose Pose_Estimation Prediction QA Quantitative Quantitative_Finance Quantization Re-identification Recognition Recommendation Reconstruction Regularization Reinforcement_Learning Relation Relation_Extraction Represenation Represenation_Learning Restoration Review RNN Salient Scene_Classification Scene_Generation Scene_Parsing Scene_Text Segmentation Self-Supervised Semantic_Instance_Segmentation Semantic_Segmentation Semi_Global Semi_Supervised Sence_graph Sentiment Sentiment_Classification Sketch SLAM Sparse Speech Speech_Recognition Style_Transfer Summarization Super_Resolution Surveillance Survey Text_Classification Text_Generation Tracking Transfer_Learning Transformer Unsupervised Video_Caption Video_Classification Video_Indexing Video_Prediction Video_Retrieval Visual_Relation VQA Weakly_Supervised Zero-Shot