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Deep Semi-supervised Metric Learning with Dual Alignment for Cervical Cancer Cell Detection

2021-04-07 17:11:27
Zhizhong Chai, Luyang Luo, Huangjing Lin, Hao Chen, Pheng-Ann Heng


tract: With availability of huge amounts of labeled data, deep learning has achieved unprecedented success in various object detection tasks. However, large-scale annotations for medical images are extremely challenging to be acquired due to the high demand of labour and expertise. To address this difficult issue, in this paper we propose a novel semi-supervised deep metric learning method to effectively leverage both labeled and unlabeled data with application to cervical cancer cell detection. Different from previous methods, our model learns an embedding metric space and conducts dual alignment of semantic features on both the proposal and prototype levels. First, on the proposal level, we generate pseudo labels for the unlabeled data to align the proposal features with learnable class proxies derived from the labeled data. Furthermore, we align the prototypes generated from each mini-batch of labeled and unlabeled data to alleviate the influence of possibly noisy pseudo labels. Moreover, we adopt a memory bank to store the labeled prototypes and hence significantly enrich the metric learning information from larger batches. To comprehensively validate the method, we construct a large-scale dataset for semi-supervised cervical cancer cell detection for the first time, consisting of 240,860 cervical cell images in total. Extensive experiments show our proposed method outperforms other state-of-the-art semi-supervised approaches consistently, demonstrating efficacy of deep semi-supervised metric learning with dual alignment on improving cervical cancer cell detection performance.

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3D Action Action_Localization Action_Recognition Activity Adversarial Attention Autonomous Bert Boundary_Detection Caption Classification CNN Compressive_Sensing Contour Contrastive_Learning Deep_Learning Denoising Detection Drone Dynamic_Memory_Network Edge_Detection Embedding Emotion Enhancement Face Face_Detection Face_Recognition Facial_Landmark Few-Shot Gait_Recognition GAN Gaze_Estimation Gesture Gradient_Descent Handwriting Human_Parsing Image_Caption Image_Classification Image_Compression Image_Enhancement Image_Generation Image_Matting Image_Retrieval Inference Inpainting Intelligent_Chip Knowledge Knowledge_Graph Language_Model Matching Medical Memory_Networks Multi_Modal Multi_Task NAS NMT Object_Detection Object_Tracking OCR Ontology Optical_Character Optical_Flow Optimization Person_Re-identification Point_Cloud Portrait_Generation Pose Pose_Estimation Prediction QA Quantitative Quantitative_Finance Quantization Re-identification Recognition Recommendation Reconstruction Regularization Reinforcement_Learning Relation Relation_Extraction Represenation Represenation_Learning Restoration Review RNN Salient Scene_Classification Scene_Generation Scene_Parsing Scene_Text Segmentation Self-Supervised Semantic_Instance_Segmentation Semantic_Segmentation Semi_Global Semi_Supervised Sence_graph Sentiment Sentiment_Classification Sketch SLAM Sparse Speech Speech_Recognition Style_Transfer Summarization Super_Resolution Surveillance Survey Text_Classification Text_Generation Tracking Transfer_Learning Transformer Unsupervised Video_Caption Video_Classification Video_Indexing Video_Prediction Video_Retrieval Visual_Relation VQA Weakly_Supervised Zero-Shot