Paper Reading AI Learner

Using a Waffle Iron for Automotive Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation

2023-01-24 16:10:08
Gilles Puy, Alexandre Boulch, Renaud Marlet


Semantic segmentation of point clouds in autonomous driving datasets requires techniques that can process large numbers of points over large field of views. Today, most deep networks designed for this task exploit 3D sparse convolutions to reduce memory and computational loads. The best methods then further exploit specificities of rotating lidar sampling patterns to further improve the performance, e.g., cylindrical voxels, or range images (for feature fusion from multiple point cloud representations). In contrast, we show that one can build a well-performing point-based backbone free of these specialized tools. This backbone, WaffleIron, relies heavily on generic MLPs and dense 2D convolutions, making it easy to implement, and contains just a few parameters easy to tune. Despite its simplicity, our experiments on SemanticKITTI and nuScenes show that WaffleIron competes with the best methods designed specifically for these autonomous driving datasets. Hence, WaffleIron is a strong, easy-to-implement, baseline for semantic segmentation of sparse outdoor point clouds.

Abstract (translated)



3D Action Action_Localization Action_Recognition Activity Adversarial Attention Autonomous Bert Boundary_Detection Caption Classification CNN Compressive_Sensing Contour Contrastive_Learning Deep_Learning Denoising Detection Drone Dynamic_Memory_Network Edge_Detection Embedding Emotion Enhancement Face Face_Detection Face_Recognition Facial_Landmark Few-Shot Gait_Recognition GAN Gaze_Estimation Gesture Gradient_Descent Handwriting Human_Parsing Image_Caption Image_Classification Image_Compression Image_Enhancement Image_Generation Image_Matting Image_Retrieval Inference Inpainting Intelligent_Chip Knowledge Knowledge_Graph Language_Model Matching Medical Memory_Networks Multi_Modal Multi_Task NAS NMT Object_Detection Object_Tracking OCR Ontology Optical_Character Optical_Flow Optimization Person_Re-identification Point_Cloud Portrait_Generation Pose Pose_Estimation Prediction QA Quantitative Quantitative_Finance Quantization Re-identification Recognition Recommendation Reconstruction Regularization Reinforcement_Learning Relation Relation_Extraction Represenation Represenation_Learning Restoration Review RNN Salient Scene_Classification Scene_Generation Scene_Parsing Scene_Text Segmentation Self-Supervised Semantic_Instance_Segmentation Semantic_Segmentation Semi_Global Semi_Supervised Sence_graph Sentiment Sentiment_Classification Sketch SLAM Sparse Speech Speech_Recognition Style_Transfer Summarization Super_Resolution Surveillance Survey Text_Classification Text_Generation Tracking Transfer_Learning Transformer Unsupervised Video_Caption Video_Classification Video_Indexing Video_Prediction Video_Retrieval Visual_Relation VQA Weakly_Supervised Zero-Shot