With numerous medical tasks, the performance of deep models has recently experienced considerable improvements. These models are often adept learners. Yet, their intricate architectural design and high computational complexity make deploying them in clinical settings challenging, particularly with devices with limited resources. To deal with this issue, Knowledge Distillation (KD) has been proposed as a compression method and an acceleration technology. KD is an efficient learning strategy that can transfer knowledge from a burdensome model (i.e., teacher model) to a lightweight model (i.e., student model). Hence we can obtain a compact model with low parameters with preserving the teacher's performance. Therefore, we develop a KD-based deep model for prostate MRI segmentation in this work by combining features-based distillation with Kullback-Leibler divergence, Lovasz, and Dice losses. We further demonstrate its effectiveness by applying two compression procedures: 1) distilling knowledge to a student model from a single well-trained teacher, and 2) since most of the medical applications have a small dataset, we train multiple teachers that each one trained with a small set of images to learn an adaptive student model as close to the teachers as possible considering the desired accuracy and fast inference time. Extensive experiments were conducted on a public multi-site prostate tumor dataset, showing that the proposed adaptation KD strategy improves the dice similarity score by 9%, outperforming all tested well-established baseline models.