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Safety-Critical Edge Robotics Architecture with Bounded End-to-End Latency

2024-06-20 15:11:22
Gautam Gala, Tilmann Unte, Luiz Maia, Johannes K\"uhbacher, Isser Kadusale, Mohammad Ibrahim Alkoudsi, Gerhard Fohler, Sebastian Altmeyer


Edge computing processes data near its source, reducing latency and enhancing security compared to traditional cloud computing while providing its benefits. This paper explores edge computing for migrating an existing safety-critical robotics use case from an onboard dedicated hardware solution. We propose an edge robotics architecture based on Linux, Docker containers, Kubernetes, and a local wireless area network based on the TTWiFi protocol. Inspired by previous work on real-time cloud, we complement the architecture with a resource management and orchestration layer to help Linux manage, and Kubernetes orchestrate the system-wide shared resources (e.g., caches, memory bandwidth, and network). Our architecture aims to ensure the fault-tolerant and predictable execution of robotic applications (e.g., path planning) on the edge while upper-bounding the end-to-end latency and ensuring the best possible quality of service without jeopardizing safety and security.

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3D Action Action_Localization Action_Recognition Activity Adversarial Agent Attention Autonomous Bert Boundary_Detection Caption Chat Classification CNN Compressive_Sensing Contour Contrastive_Learning Deep_Learning Denoising Detection Dialog Diffusion Drone Dynamic_Memory_Network Edge_Detection Embedding Embodied Emotion Enhancement Face Face_Detection Face_Recognition Facial_Landmark Few-Shot Gait_Recognition GAN Gaze_Estimation Gesture Gradient_Descent Handwriting Human_Parsing Image_Caption Image_Classification Image_Compression Image_Enhancement Image_Generation Image_Matting Image_Retrieval Inference Inpainting Intelligent_Chip Knowledge Knowledge_Graph Language_Model LLM Matching Medical Memory_Networks Multi_Modal Multi_Task NAS NMT Object_Detection Object_Tracking OCR Ontology Optical_Character Optical_Flow Optimization Person_Re-identification Point_Cloud Portrait_Generation Pose Pose_Estimation Prediction QA Quantitative Quantitative_Finance Quantization Re-identification Recognition Recommendation Reconstruction Regularization Reinforcement_Learning Relation Relation_Extraction Represenation Represenation_Learning Restoration Review RNN Robot Salient Scene_Classification Scene_Generation Scene_Parsing Scene_Text Segmentation Self-Supervised Semantic_Instance_Segmentation Semantic_Segmentation Semi_Global Semi_Supervised Sence_graph Sentiment Sentiment_Classification Sketch SLAM Sparse Speech Speech_Recognition Style_Transfer Summarization Super_Resolution Surveillance Survey Text_Classification Text_Generation Tracking Transfer_Learning Transformer Unsupervised Video_Caption Video_Classification Video_Indexing Video_Prediction Video_Retrieval Visual_Relation VQA Weakly_Supervised Zero-Shot