Paper Reading AI Learner

Weakly-Supervised Action Localization with Expectation-Maximization Multi-Instance Learning

2020-03-31 23:36:04
Zhekun Luo, Devin Guillory, Baifeng Shi, Wei Ke, Fang Wan, Trevor Darrell, Huijuan Xu


Weakly-supervised action localization problem requires training a model to localize the action segments in the video given only video level action label. It can be solved under the Multiple Instance Learning (MIL) framework, where a bag (video) contains multiple instances (action segments). Since only the bag's label is known, the main challenge is to assign which key instances within the bag trigger the bag's label. Most previous models use an attention-based approach. These models use attention to generate the bag's representation from instances and then train it via bag's classification. In this work, we explicitly model the key instances assignment as a hidden variable and adopt an Expectation-Maximization framework. We derive two pseudo-label generation schemes to model the E and M process and iteratively optimize the likelihood lower bound. We also show that previous attention-based models implicitly violate the MIL assumptions that instances in negative bags should be uniformly negative. In comparison, Our EM-MIL approach more accurately models these assumptions. Our model achieves state-of-the-art performance on two standard benchmarks, THUMOS14 and ActivityNet1.2, and shows the superiority of detecting relative complete action boundary in videos containing multiple actions.

Abstract (translated)



3D Action Action_Localization Action_Recognition Activity Adversarial Attention Autonomous Bert Boundary_Detection Caption Classification CNN Compressive_Sensing Contour Contrastive_Learning Deep_Learning Denoising Detection Drone Dynamic_Memory_Network Edge_Detection Embedding Emotion Enhancement Face Face_Detection Face_Recognition Facial_Landmark Few-Shot Gait_Recognition GAN Gaze_Estimation Gesture Gradient_Descent Handwriting Human_Parsing Image_Caption Image_Classification Image_Compression Image_Enhancement Image_Generation Image_Matting Image_Retrieval Inference Inpainting Intelligent_Chip Knowledge Knowledge_Graph Language_Model Matching Medical Memory_Networks Multi_Modal Multi_Task NAS NMT Object_Detection Object_Tracking OCR Ontology Optical_Character Optical_Flow Optimization Person_Re-identification Point_Cloud Portrait_Generation Pose Pose_Estimation Prediction QA Quantitative Quantitative_Finance Quantization Re-identification Recognition Recommendation Reconstruction Regularization Reinforcement_Learning Relation Relation_Extraction Represenation Represenation_Learning Restoration Review RNN Salient Scene_Classification Scene_Generation Scene_Parsing Scene_Text Segmentation Self-Supervised Semantic_Instance_Segmentation Semantic_Segmentation Semi_Global Semi_Supervised Sence_graph Sentiment Sentiment_Classification Sketch SLAM Sparse Speech Speech_Recognition Style_Transfer Summarization Super_Resolution Surveillance Survey Text_Classification Text_Generation Tracking Transfer_Learning Transformer Unsupervised Video_Caption Video_Classification Video_Indexing Video_Prediction Video_Retrieval Visual_Relation VQA Weakly_Supervised Zero-Shot