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The NLP Cookbook: Modern Recipes for Transformer based Deep Learning Architectures

2021-03-23 22:38:20
Sushant Singh, Ausif Mahmood


tract: In recent years, Natural Language Processing (NLP) models have achieved phenomenal success in linguistical and semantical tasks like machine translation, cognitive dialogue systems, information retrieval via Natural Language Understanding (NLU), and Natural Language Generation (NLG). This feat is primarily attributed due to the seminal Transformer architecture, leading to designs such as BERT, GPT (I, II, III), etc. Although these large-size models have achieved unprecedented performances, they come at high computational costs. Consequently, some of the recent NLP architectures have utilized concepts of transfer learning, pruning, quantization, and knowledge distillation to achieve moderate model sizes while keeping nearly similar performances as achieved by their predecessors. Additionally, to mitigate the data size challenge raised by language models from a knowledge extraction perspective, Knowledge Retrievers have been built to extricate explicit data documents from a large corpus of databases with greater efficiency and accuracy. Recent research has also focused on superior inference by providing efficient attention on longer input sequences. In this paper, we summarize and examine the current state-of-the-art (SOTA) NLP models that have been employed for numerous NLP tasks for optimal performance and efficiency. We provide a detailed understanding and functioning of the different architectures, the taxonomy of NLP designs, comparative evaluations, and future directions in NLP.

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3D Action Action_Localization Action_Recognition Activity Adversarial Attention Autonomous Bert Boundary_Detection Caption Classification CNN Compressive_Sensing Contour Contrastive_Learning Deep_Learning Denoising Detection Drone Dynamic_Memory_Network Edge_Detection Embedding Emotion Enhancement Face Face_Detection Face_Recognition Facial_Landmark Few-Shot Gait_Recognition GAN Gaze_Estimation Gesture Gradient_Descent Handwriting Human_Parsing Image_Caption Image_Classification Image_Compression Image_Enhancement Image_Generation Image_Matting Image_Retrieval Inference Inpainting Intelligent_Chip Knowledge Knowledge_Graph Language_Model Matching Medical Memory_Networks Multi_Modal Multi_Task NAS NMT Object_Detection Object_Tracking OCR Ontology Optical_Character Optical_Flow Optimization Person_Re-identification Point_Cloud Portrait_Generation Pose Pose_Estimation Prediction QA Quantitative Quantitative_Finance Quantization Re-identification Recognition Recommendation Reconstruction Regularization Reinforcement_Learning Relation Relation_Extraction Represenation Represenation_Learning Restoration Review RNN Salient Scene_Classification Scene_Generation Scene_Parsing Scene_Text Segmentation Self-Supervised Semantic_Instance_Segmentation Semantic_Segmentation Semi_Global Semi_Supervised Sence_graph Sentiment Sentiment_Classification Sketch SLAM Sparse Speech Speech_Recognition Style_Transfer Summarization Super_Resolution Surveillance Survey Text_Classification Text_Generation Tracking Transfer_Learning Transformer Unsupervised Video_Caption Video_Classification Video_Indexing Video_Prediction Video_Retrieval Visual_Relation VQA Weakly_Supervised Zero-Shot