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Dependency Parsing based Semantic Representation Learning with Graph Neural Network for Enhancing Expressiveness of Text-to-Speech

2021-04-14 13:09:51
Yixuan Zhou, Changhe Song, Jingbei Li, Zhiyong Wu, Helen Meng


Semantic information of a sentence is crucial for improving the expressiveness of a text-to-speech (TTS) system, but can not be well learned from the limited training TTS dataset just by virtue of the nowadays encoder structures. As large scale pre-trained text representation develops, bidirectional encoder representations from transformers (BERT) has been proven to embody text-context semantic information and applied to TTS as additional input. However BERT can not explicitly associate semantic tokens from point of dependency relations in a sentence. In this paper, to enhance expressiveness, we propose a semantic representation learning method based on graph neural network, considering dependency relations of a sentence. Dependency graph of input text is composed of edges from dependency tree structure considering both the forward and the reverse directions. Semantic representations are then extracted at word level by the relational gated graph network (RGGN) fed with features from BERT as nodes input. Upsampled semantic representations and character-level embeddings are concatenated to serve as the encoder input of Tacotron-2. Experimental results show that our proposed method outperforms the baseline using vanilla BERT features both in LJSpeech and Bilzzard Challenge 2013 datasets, and semantic representations learned from the reverse direction are more effective for enhancing expressiveness.

Abstract (translated)



3D Action Action_Localization Action_Recognition Activity Adversarial Attention Autonomous Bert Boundary_Detection Caption Classification CNN Compressive_Sensing Contour Contrastive_Learning Deep_Learning Denoising Detection Drone Dynamic_Memory_Network Edge_Detection Embedding Emotion Enhancement Face Face_Detection Face_Recognition Facial_Landmark Few-Shot Gait_Recognition GAN Gaze_Estimation Gesture Gradient_Descent Handwriting Human_Parsing Image_Caption Image_Classification Image_Compression Image_Enhancement Image_Generation Image_Matting Image_Retrieval Inference Inpainting Intelligent_Chip Knowledge Knowledge_Graph Language_Model Matching Medical Memory_Networks Multi_Modal Multi_Task NAS NMT Object_Detection Object_Tracking OCR Ontology Optical_Character Optical_Flow Optimization Person_Re-identification Point_Cloud Portrait_Generation Pose Pose_Estimation Prediction QA Quantitative Quantitative_Finance Quantization Re-identification Recognition Recommendation Reconstruction Regularization Reinforcement_Learning Relation Relation_Extraction Represenation Represenation_Learning Restoration Review RNN Salient Scene_Classification Scene_Generation Scene_Parsing Scene_Text Segmentation Self-Supervised Semantic_Instance_Segmentation Semantic_Segmentation Semi_Global Semi_Supervised Sence_graph Sentiment Sentiment_Classification Sketch SLAM Sparse Speech Speech_Recognition Style_Transfer Summarization Super_Resolution Surveillance Survey Text_Classification Text_Generation Tracking Transfer_Learning Transformer Unsupervised Video_Caption Video_Classification Video_Indexing Video_Prediction Video_Retrieval Visual_Relation VQA Weakly_Supervised Zero-Shot