Semantic edge detection has recently gained a lot of attention as an image processing task, mainly due to its wide range of real-world applications. This is based on the fact that edges in images contain most of the semantic information. Semantic edge detection involves two tasks, namely pure edge detecion and edge classification. Those are in fact fundamentally distinct in terms of the level of abstraction that each task requires, which is known as the distracted supervision paradox that limits the possible performance of a supervised model in semantic edge detection. In this work, we will present a novel hybrid method to avoid the distracted supervision paradox and achieve high-performance in semantic edge detection. Our approach is based on a combination of the model-based concept of shearlets, which provides probably optimally sparse approximations of a model-class of images, and the data-driven method of a suitably designed convolutional neural netwok. Finally, we present several applications such as tomographic reconstruction and show that our approach signifiantly outperforms former methods, thereby indicating the value of such hybrid methods for the area in biomedical imaging.